Cavy Diet and Supplement

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Cavy Diet and Supplement

Post by cena robson on Thu Oct 16, 2008 11:29 pm

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DIET
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A good guinea pig diet might include carrots, lettuce, apples, and sometimes some parsley or other fresh fruits and vegetables. Most fresh fruits and veggies from your kitchen are good to feed your guinea pig. Something NOT good to give your guinea pig is potato peelings or anything with potatoes in them. Potatoes poison guinea pigs and will kill them, so don’t feed your guinea pigs any potatoes! Raw beans and iceberg lettuce are also NOT good foods to give your guinea pig. Guinea pigs like to chomp down on hay and dried pellets. You can put some hay in one corner of your cage and some pellets in a food bowl in another corner of the cage. Make sure that your guinea pig gets enough water. At most pet stores you can get water bottles for guinea pigs and other rodents, too.
Here's a rundown of guinea pig food...
Spoiler:

Good foods for guinea pigs to eat are: apples, bananas, pears, strawberries, grapefruit, honeydew melon, kiwis, tangerines, yellow plums, oranges, watermelon, grapes, lemons, cauliflower leaves, broccoli, turnips, peppers, parsley, red beets, cucumbers, celery, spinach, tomatoes, and zucchini.
Bad foods for guinea pigs to eat are: Iceberg lettuce, all varieties of green cabbage, chinese cabbage, cauliflower, and red cabbage.
Poisonous foods for guinea pigs to eat are: Potato peelings and raw beans. As for the actual potato, there has been some confusion about whether they are or aren't poisonous to guinea pigs. To be on the safe side, I would suggest not feeding your guinea pig potatoes.
Symptoms of poisoning include: vomiting, excessive salivation, diarrhea, sleepiness, shaking or trembling, twitching, staggering, convulsions, difficulty in breathing, excessive thirst, and paralysis.
If you even think that your guinea pig has eaten something poisonous, conact your veterinarian immediately. If you can, take the plant that your pet ate, with you to the vet, and try to identify what the source of the poison was. Don't induce vomiting unless directed to do so by the vet.
The following list of poisonous items is very lengthy, but may not include everything that is poisonous to guinea pigs. If there is something that is not on this list that you have questions about, please contact your veterinarian.
POISON PLANTS

Aconite
Anemone (windflower, tumbleweed)
Autumn crocus
Black locust
Buttercup
Caladium
Caster oil plants (castor bean, palma, christi.koli)
Cherry trees (wild and cultivated)
Christmas pepper
Clematis (virgin's bower)
Cycads
Daffodil (narcissus, jonquil)
Daphne
Delphinum (larkspur, staggerweed)
Dicerna (bleeding heart, dutchman's breeches, squirrel corn, turkey corn)
Diffenbachia (dumb cane)
Elderberry
Elephant ear
English ivy
Euphorbia (annual poinsettia, mexican fire plant, fire-on-the-mountain, snow-on-the-mountain)
Four-o'clock
Foxglove
Garland flower
Glory lily (climbing lily, gloriosa)
Golden chain
Gyacinth
Hydrangea
Holly
Iris
Indian spurge tree (pencil tree, malabartree, pencil cactus, monkey fiddle)
Jack-in-the-pulpit
Jerusalem cherry
Jasmine
Lantana camera (red sage)
Laurels
Lilac
Lily-of-the-valley
Marsh marigold (cowslip)
Matrimony vine
Mayapple
Meadow saffron
Mistletoe
Monkshood
Mountain laurel
Mushrooms (amanita muscaria&amanita phalloides)
Nightshade
Oaks
Oleander
Philodendron
Phytolacca (poke weed, poke berry, ink berry)
Pine needles
Poinciana (bird-of-paradise)
Poison hemlock
Pothos
Privet
Pyracantha (firethorn)
Raw beans
Rhododendron (laurels, rose bay, azalea)
Rhubarb
Rosary pea
Snowdrop
Spring adonis (pheasant's eye)
Star-of-bethlehem
Strelitzia (bird-of-paradise)
Sweet pea
Trumpet flower (chalice vine)
Water hemlock
Wisteria
Yellow oleander (lucky nut, tiger apple, be-still-tree)
Yew
Hay is another good food for guinea pigs. It is the basic food for guinea pigs. If you feed them hay along with water, it is suitable for the winter! This is only if no fresh veggies or fruits are available.
• You can gather plants from outside to give to guinea pigs. They absolutely love outdoor greens! Just make sure that there are no flowers or dried tree leaves in the bundle you pick. If there are any leaves or flowers in it, cut them out and give only the plant leaves and stalks to your guinea pig. Grass is also considered a treat to guinea pigs! If you do decide to collect outdoor plants, do not get them if they grow near roads or sidewalks, or have been treated with pesticides!
Toilet paper tubes and paper towel tubes are completely fine for guinea pigs to eat. It gives them something to chew on to help their teeth, as well as something to play with. It is also like an in-between meal for them, when they aren’t eating anything else.
Pellets are a part of a regular guinea pig diet. They have some vitamins and minerals added, so they are really healthy. Guinea pigs don’t consider them a treat unless there are extra dried fruits or nuts added to them.
Salt and mineral wheels are optional. Salt wheels are exactly what they are called. It is salt formed into the shape of a wheel that can be attached to the cage. Then the guinea pig can chew on it anytime it feels like it! The mineral wheel is a mix of minerals and salt. It is usually a reddish color, unlike the salt wheel that is always white.
Vitamin C is very important to guinea pigs! They can get this from fresh fruits. Oranges have a particular big amount of Vitamin C. Vitamin C helps fight infections in guinea pigs, as well as to heal wounds. It also helps break down and metabolize proteins in the guinea pig's diet.
• Clean and fresh water is necessary for guinea pigs to live. It is pretty much necessary for any living thing on Earth! Change the water whenever needed, preferably once every two-three days.
• The entire digestive tract of a guinea pig is about 2.3 meters long.
• These materials are needed for a guinea pigs' survival: Vitamins, minerals, carbohydrate, fats, proteins, and of course, water!
• These vitamins are needed for a guinea pig to survive: Vitamin A, Vitamin B12, Thiamine, Riboflavin, Vitamin D, Vitamin E, and Vitamin K.
• These minerals are needed for a guinea pig to survive: Calcium, Copper, Iron, Magnesium, Phosphorous, Potassium, and Sodium.
• Guinea pigs are not able to store water for a long period of time, and that is why it is necessary to replenish their water any time the water bottle gets low. Every cell needs the water, so guinea pigs have to drink almost constantly.
• Guinea pigs are also able to eat dirt. This may sound funny, but it is true. Dirt has vitamins and minerals and nutrients that guinea pigs need, and apparently, they seem to like it!
• Guinea pigs will occasionally eat their own feces (poops). The feces still contain some leftover nutrients, and so the guinea pigs eat them. This is sort of a way of recycling. It will not hurt them, and it will actually help them live, because of the materials within them.

Vitamin C Content for Selected Fruits and Vegetables
The serving sizes given below are approximate values for obtaining roughly 10mg of vitamin C. Note that not all fruits and vegetables are created equal, so your actual mileage may vary. Protein, calcium and phosphorus totals are also approximate values for the given serving sizes.

Baby guinea pigs can start eating guinea pig pellets 5 days of age and should be completely weaned at about 10 days. Be sure to position the water dispense low enough so the smallest of the litter can reach the sipper tube – supplement the pellet diet by providing fresh vegetables daily.

cena robson
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